Liaison Librarians can partner with you and advise on how to start a systematic review. They will be part of the author team to design and manage complex, extensive literature searches in multiple databases.
Put together an investigative team.
· Generally, a team needs to have at least three people to reduce bias.
Develop a question – often clinical in nature.
Establish criteria for including and excluding studies.
Develop and register your protocol.
· Check to see if there is not already a systematic review published or in progress on your topic.
· Prospero and Cochrane are two sites that allow you to register your protocol.
Conduct an exhaustive literature search – often done by a professional, or a librarian.
· Librarians should be considered a member of the team and receive authorship for their contributions. Librarians will often write or contribute to the Methods section.
· The review of articles should be a “blind” review, done by at least two individuals to reduce bias.
· Journal Title and Author Name should be omitted from citations/articles for review.
Select and evaluate the articles/studies that meet inclusion.
Gather the evidence.
Come to conclusions.
Review work & run searches a last time to make sure you have recent publications.
Make corrections or changes as needed.
Submit work for publication.
· The whole systematic review process on average takes at least 12 months.